CMPH Chapter 10

Windows Disk Cleanup is the utility to use whenever you want to defragment you hard drive.
False
Windows needs free space on the hard drive for normal operation, for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks, so it’s important to delete unneeded files.
True
Defragmenting is not recommended for solid-state hard drives
True
Using windows 7 backup and restore, you can back up the volume on which Windows is installed.
True
The chkdsk command will not fix anything on the drive unless the drive is unlocked.
False
For optimal performance, how much free space does Windows need on a hard drive?
15 percent
Which hard drive type contains spinning platters?
Magnetic hard disk drives
What is pagefile.sys used for in windows?
Virtual memory
What is another name for a file allocation unit?
Cluster
How ofter does windows7/vista automatically defragment a hard drive?
once a week
Use the ____ command to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are contigouos.
Defrag
To make sure the drive is healthy, you need to search for and repair file system errors using the Windows _____ utility.
Chkdsk
A snapshot of the system settings and configuration is called a_____.
restore point
_____ creates restore points at a regular intervals and ust before you install software or hardware.
System Protection
What is the fourth partition on a hard drive called?
Extended partition
Besides backing up user data or system files, you can also back up the entire volume on which Win7 is installed using ______.
Back up and Restore
Which partition is the bootable partition that startup BIOS turns to when searching for an operation system to start up?
Active partition
If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, you can press ____ to do so.
Ctrl+Break
The _____ command creates a subdirectory under a directory
MD
A dynamic disk requires ____ MB of storage for the disk management database
1
You can use _____ to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks.
Disk management
Which of the following status indicators apply only to dynamic disks?
1.Foreign drive
3.Healthy(at risk)
Which of the following are file systems supported by Windows that you can choose for volumes and drives that don’t hold the Windows installation.
FAT32
exFAT
NTFS
Which of the following are recommendations for freein up disk space on a hard drive?
Uninstall software you no longer use
use drive compression
Which of the following Windows settings are critical for kepping the system protected from malware and hackers?
Network location setting
Antivirus software
Windows updates
To _____ is to rearrange parts of files on the drive so each file is stored on the drive in contiguous clusters
Defragment
_________ restores the system to its condition at the time a snapshot was taken of the system settings and configuration
System Restore
As you work at the command prompt, you can use _______ characters in a filename to say that the command applies to a group of files or to abbreviate a filename if you do not know the entire name
wildcard
Space on the disk is marked as _____ if it has not yet been partitioned.
Unallocated
A ______ drive is a volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space
mounted
Defragmenting
Rearranges files on the drive into as a few segments as possible
Chkdsk utility
Searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers the data from them if possible
Virtual Memory
Used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system
Pagefile.sys
A hidden file stored in the root directory of drive C
Backup
An extra copy of data or software file that you can use if the original file becomes damaged or destroyed
Restore Points
Snapshots of the system and include Windows system fiels that have changed
Mounted Drive
A volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space
Dynamic volumes
Can span more than one hard drive
Basic disk
Can be partitioned and formatted as a stand-alone hard drive
File system
Overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a drive