Art 100 Midterm- Chapter 11

The carving method of sculpting
is more aggressive than modeling, more direct than casting, and a subtractive process.
Four basic methods for making a sculpture are
modeling, casting, carving, and assembling.
The additive process of sculpture includes
assembling and modeling
The subtractive process involves
carving
Relief sculpture is
not meant to be viewed in the round, not finished on all sides, and often used to decorate architecture
Which of the following concepts conceives of a space and everything in it as a work of art?
installation art
Sculptors will often create a “sketch” out of what to test ideas before proceeding to their medium of choice.
clay
High-relief sculpture is different than low-relief sculpture in that
projects boldly from the background, elements may be in the round, and may be unattached to the background.
What is sculpture in the round?
a freestanding work that can be viewed from any angle, for it is finished on all sides
Contrapposto (meaning counter poise or counterbalance) was developed by who as a pose for sculptures of the human figure.
ancient Greeks
What is contrapposto?
also known as “counterpoise” or “counterbalance”; sets the body in a gentle s shaped curve
What kind of sculpture is Serpent Mound and Spiral Jetty?
land art
The sculpture The Scraper is an idealized figure from which civilization?
Greek civilization
Who was the artist on The Dying Slave?
Michaelangelo
What culture made the Colossal Heads and what tools did they use?
the olmecs and probably used quartz blades on boulders
In the lost-wax process, what is the form in step one called (the basic form that everything else is modeled over)?
clay form
What is casting?
process by which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.
Earthwork
work of art made for a specific place using natural materials found there, especially the earth itself
Minimalism
A broad tendency during the 1960’s and 1970’s toward simple, primary forms. Artists often favored industrial materials, and their sculptures tended to be set on the floor or attached to the wall rather than placed on a pedestal
What is modeling?
building up a sculpture; clay is the most common form used
What is carving?
more aggressive than modeling, and more direct than casting; begins with a block of material and the artist chips and cuts until the sculpture emerges
What is assembling?
individual pieces or segments or objects are brought together to form a sculpture
Casting is known as a
replacement method